Malus domestica (Apple Tree)
The Apple Tree is a deciduous tree in the rose family best known for its sweet, pomaceous fruit. They flower and bear fruit, which ripens to a dark green, pink or red color, on the previous year’s growth. They grow widely in the middle latitudes, primarily in the Northern hemisphere.
Apples have been grown for thousands of years in Asia and Europe. The Apple Tree is generally a tall standing tree at about 1.8 to 4.6 m tall in cultivation and up to 12 m in the wild.
- Native to the Central Asia
- Deciduous tree
- Delicious fruits
- Growing to a height of 1.8 to 4.6 m tall in cultivation and up to 9.1 m in the wild
- Full sun to part shade
- Loamy well drained soil
- Bloom time: Spring, Summer
- Fruit matures late summer or autumn
- Easy To grow
- Long Lifespan
Dig a hole about twice the diameter of the root system and about a 30cm deeper.
Apply water as you fill the hole back in with soil as this will help remove any air pockets. Water well again after the transplant is complete to help retain some of that moisture. Mulch heavily around the plant to keep weeds and grass from growing back.
Apple’s are generally grown best in full sunlight conditions and produce more fruit when grown in this condition. However in hotter climates a slight canopy or shade is necessary for the tree to thrive.
Pruning an apple tree every year is an essential practice in order to stimulate fruit production and to keep the tree open and balanced. The key is to achieve a healthy balance of vegetative growth and fruiting wood so that the tree has enough energy to produce healthy apples.
Try to plant more than one tree as majority of apple trees requires another tree or a different variety to be grown nearby for an extra boost in pollination. While some apple varieties are self-pollinating and even produce good yeilds of fruit, having another tree nearby will produce fruit more abundantly.